Guides Lisbon Top 10 Museums in Lisbon and Must-See Cultural Hubs

Top 10 Museums in Lisbon and Must-See Cultural Hubs

City Guide December 21, 2023



Lisbon, a city where the past and present merge beautifully, is home to some of Europe's best museums and cultural hubs. These destinations, from ancient artifacts in historical buildings to contemporary art in modern galleries, offer a unique window into different eras and styles. Lisbon's cultural landscape is rich and diverse, from the Alfama district's quaint museums to the grandeur of art collections rivaling those in cities like St Petersburg.

Let's explore the top 10 museums in Lisbon that are absolute must-sees for any visitor. Whether you're guided by audio guides through sprawling galleries or wandering through a repurposed power station turned museum, these Lisbon must-see destinations offer an enriching experience for all. Dive into a world where art, history, and innovation come alive in the best museums in Lisbon.

While exploring Lisbon's museums, from the grandeur of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's counterparts to galleries hosting treasures like the Venus de Milo, use convenient luggage storage services to enhance your experience. Options like Nannybag, available at central locations such as luggage storage Praça da Figueira, provide secure and accessible spots to store your bags.

This way, you can immerse yourself in art and history, whether on guided tours through royal palaces or admiring classic artworks, without the hassle of carrying your luggage around. You'll find Nannybag's services particularly useful, as they allow you to explore Lisbon's rich cultural offerings with ease and peace of mind.


1. Jerónimos Monastery: A Glimpse into the 16th Century

The Jerónimos Monastery, a jewel of Manueline architecture, exemplifies Portugal's Golden Age of Discovery. The monastery's ornate portals, cloisters, and church are adorned with maritime motifs and symbols that celebrate the explorers of the Age of Discovery. This UNESCO World Heritage site is architecturally stunning and rich in history. Inside, visitors can explore the church of Santa Maria, admire the beautiful cloisters, and pay homage to the tombs of Vasco da Gama and Luís de Camões, two of Portugal's most celebrated historical figures.


2. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum: A World-Class Collection

Nestled amidst lush gardens in central Lisbon, the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum is a sanctuary of artistic excellence, housing one of the world's finest private art collections. The collection, meticulously amassed by Calouste Gulbenkian, is a remarkable work of art, encompassing over 6000 works spanning a wide range of periods and regions. This museum is especially celebrated for its extensive collections of European and Eastern art, which include rare Persian carpets, exquisite Chinese porcelain, and classical sculptures that are marvels of artistic achievement.

The museum's permanent collection is divided into two main sections: the Founder’s Collection and the Modern Collection, each housed in separate buildings and offering a comprehensive journey through art history from antiquity to the 20th century. The Founder's Collection features classical art pieces. At the same time, the Modern Collection showcases a diverse range of modern and contemporary works, making it one of the most significant art galleries in Lisbon.

Together, these collections offer an insightful and inspiring exploration of human creativity across cultures and eras, presented in a space that is as tranquil as it is enriching.



3. National Tile Museum: Celebrating Ceramic Art

The National Tile Museum, set in the breathtaking Convent of Madre de Deus, chronicles the history and artistry of Portuguese tiles, or azulejos. These ceramic tiles are integral to Portuguese culture, decorating everything from churches and palaces to subway stations and ordinary homes.

The museum's collection is a testament to the evolution of tile art in Portugal, featuring everything from simple geometric patterns to elaborate narrative scenes. Lisbon's grand, blue-and-white tiled panorama offers a rare glimpse into the city's pre-earthquake landscape.


4. MAAT: Where Art Meets Science

The Museum of Art, Architecture, and Technology (MAAT) is a beacon of modernity in Lisbon, flaunting an architectural design that's as innovative as the exhibits it hosts. Located elegantly along the Tagus River, MAAT is a fusion of art, architecture, and technology, reflecting the dynamic nature of contemporary culture. The museum's exhibitions are thought-provoking, often delving into topics like environmental issues, the impact of technology on society, and the intersection of art and science.

Interactive installations and creative use of space make MAAT not just a museum but an experiential journey, appealing to a wide audience,, including those interested in modern art and technological advancements.


5. Castelo de São Jorge: History at Every Turn

Dominating Lisbon's skyline, the Castelo de São Jorge is more than just an ancient fortress; it's a narrative woven into the city's fabric. Standing atop one of Lisbon’s highest hills, the castle's walls and towers offer unparalleled views of the capital, stretching out to the Tagus River. Its history is a rich tapestry encompassing the Roman, Visigothic, Moorish, and Portuguese periods.

Visitors can wander through the castle's extensive grounds, explore the archaeological site, and climb the towers to soak in the panoramic vistas. The on-site museum displays fascinating artifacts discovered in and around the castle, while the periscope in the Tower of Ulysses offers a unique 360-degree view of Lisbon.


Discovering Lisbon's Artistic Soul

6. Berardo Collection Museum: Modern Art Haven

The Berardo Collection Museum, situated in the iconic Belém Cultural Center, is a vibrant epicenter for modern and contemporary art lovers. Its extensive and esteemed collection showcases works from pivotal figures of 20th and 21st-century artistic movements.

You can find masterpieces by renowned artists like Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Andy Warhol, and Jackson Pollock, representing diverse styles such as Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, and Pop Art. The museum also strongly emphasizes Portuguese contemporary artists, offering a unique insight into the country's modern art scene. With its ever-rotating exhibitions and engaging art installations, the Berardo Collection Museum provides a fresh and dynamic perspective on contemporary art with each visit.


7. National Museum of Ancient Art: A Window to the Past

Located in the charming neighborhood of Janelas Verdes, the National Museum of Ancient Art is a treasure trove of historical art. This museum holds an impressive collection that spans European, African, and Asian art from the Middle Ages to the 19th century, reflecting the vast geographical reach of the Portuguese Empire. Highlights include the "Panels of Saint Vincent" by Nuno Gonçalves, six panels considered one of the most significant pieces of Portuguese Renaissance art, and the "Monstrance of Belém," symbolizing Portugal's Age of Discovery.

The museum also has a rich collection of decorative arts, including furniture, silverware, and ceramics, which provide insight into different periods' daily life and aesthetic preferences. The museum's serene gardens overlooking the Tagus River offer a perfect backdrop to reflect on the artistic and cultural histories encountered.



8. Design and Fashion Museum: A Stylish Encounter

The Design and Fashion Museum (MUDE), situated in the heart of Lisbon's Baixa district, is an avant-garde space dedicated to the world of design and fashion. Housed in a former bank building, MUDE's interior is a raw and industrial backdrop to a collection that celebrates the evolution and artistry of design.

The museum's extensive collection encompasses significant 20th and 21st-century pieces, featuring iconic designers like Christian Dior, Vivienne Westwood, and Philippe Starck. From haute couture clothing to everyday household items, MUDE explores the intersection of functionality and aesthetics in design, making it a must-visit for those interested in the transformative power of fashion and industrial design.


9. Lisbon Story Centre: An Interactive Experience

The Lisbon Story Centre, nestled in the historic Praça do Comércio, is a state-of-the-art museum that brings the rich history of Lisbon to life through immersive storytelling and interactive exhibits. This museum offers a captivating journey through time, from the city's early settlements to its rebuilding after the 1755 earthquake and into the modern day.

Featuring 4D simulations, interactive displays, and multimedia narratives, it provides an engaging and educational experience that appeals to visitors of all ages. The Lisbon Story Centre is particularly effective in making history accessible and exciting, offering a unique way to understand the city's development and resilience through centuries of challenges and triumphs.


10. Carmo Archaeological Museum: Ruins and Relics

Nestled in the heart of Lisbon, the Carmo Archaeological Museum offers a journey through time amidst the evocative ruins of the Carmo Convent. The museum, set against the backdrop of the convent's Gothic arches and columns, is a testament to the city's endurance through the devastating 1755 earthquake. This historical treasure trove houses an eclectic mix of artifacts, ranging from prehistoric findings to remnants from the Roman era and ornate tombstones from medieval times.

Visitors can explore a rich collection that includes ancient sculptures, inscriptions, and impressive architectural fragments. Among the highlights are the remnants of Portuguese kings and an exotic collection of mummies from South America. The museum also features a section dedicated to the history of the Carmo Convent itself, offering insights into the earthquake's impact and the convent's subsequent transformation.

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